United States Constitution | Study Guide

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United States Constitution | Article 6 | Summary

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Summary

Any contracts or debts made by the United States before the Constitution are still valid. The Constitution and the laws made based on it are the "supreme Law of the Land." Anyone holding a public office, whether at the federal or state level, must swear to uphold the Constitution. Additionally, no one taking public office can be discriminated against on the basis of religion.

Analysis

Basically, Article 6 asserts the Constitution as being the last word on legal matters. For this reason, the second clause of this article is sometimes referred to as the "Supremacy Clause." No federal or state law may be passed that is in direct opposition to the Constitution. Cases can be brought to the Supreme Court if there is a question about the constitutionality of the lower court's ruling. Anyone running for public office, before they may actually take office, must swear an oath to abide by and enforce the Constitution.

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