United States Constitution | Study Guide

Various Authors

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Course Hero. "United States Constitution Study Guide." April 13, 2018. Accessed October 19, 2021. https://www.coursehero.com/lit/United-States-Constitution/.


Course Hero, "United States Constitution Study Guide," April 13, 2018, accessed October 19, 2021, https://www.coursehero.com/lit/United-States-Constitution/.

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Sources: Encyclopaedia Britannica, History.com, Library of Congress, National Archives Copyright © 2018 Course Hero, Inc. 10th Amendment he powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people. United States Constitutionby the Numbers Delegates who attended the Constitutional Convention, representing every state except Rhode Island 55 Delegates who signed the Constitution 39 Founding Fathers not in attendance at the Constitutional Convention—John Adams and Thomas Jefferson 2 Pieces of 28x23-inch animal-skin parchment used to write down the Constitution 4 Power to the People Representatives are chosen by the people through elections. Checks & Balances No branch has more power than another, and each checks the others’ authority Separation of Powers Government is divided into legislative, executive, and judicial branches. Main Ideas Context Connecticut Compromise The framers combined plans for determining representation in the legislature by population or by the number of states by establishing two legislative bodies. Shays’s Rebellion Armed protests by indebted farmers showed that the country needed a stronger central government to resolve economic issues and raise troops. Key Framers George Washington (1732–99) Commander in chief during the Revolutionary War; first president of the United States Benjamin Franklin (1706–90) Helped draft the Declaration of Independence; oldest delegate at the Constitutional Convention Gouverneur Morris (1752–1816) Statesman and diplomat; shaped the language of the Constitution James Madison(1751–1836) Father of the Constitution; fourth president of the United States Alexander Hamilton (1757–1804) Campaigned for ratification of the Constitution; first secretary of the Treasury Article One The legislative branch, Congress, has such powers as taxation, declaring war, and regulating commerce and the military. Article Two The president appoints judges and is head of the executive branch, which implements laws passed by Congress. Article Three The Supreme Court has original jurisdiction over cases involving the federal government or a state. Bill of Rights Amendments one through ten include freedom of speech and religion, the right to bear arms, and rights of citizens accused of a crime. Additional Amendments Other amendments include abolition of slavery and guarantees of civil and voting rights for citizens. The United States Constitution established the systems and laws that still run the modern-day United States. The framers created a foundation for a strong government with safeguards in place to check the power of the central and state governments and a process for amending laws as the times change. The Law of the Land OVERVIEW English Original Language 1788 Year Published Constitutional Convention Author United States Constitution Political Science Primary Source

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