Course Hero. "Walden Study Guide." Course Hero. 13 Oct. 2016. Web. 20 Sep. 2018. <https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Walden/>.
Course Hero. (2016, October 13). Walden Study Guide. In Course Hero. Retrieved September 20, 2018, from https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Walden/
(Course Hero, 2016)
Course Hero. "Walden Study Guide." October 13, 2016. Accessed September 20, 2018. https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Walden/.
Course Hero, "Walden Study Guide," October 13, 2016, accessed September 20, 2018, https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Walden/.
Thoreau recalls that the cabin at Walden Pond was better than a university for studying "the noblest recorded thoughts of man." He hasn't been as diligent with Homer's Iliad as he'd like—manual labor keeps getting in the way—but he sustains himself with the thought that he can read more great classics later.
Thoreau's thoughts about great reading:
Thoreau suggests that the average reader does not know how to read the way a great poet would. Average readers versus great readers are like astrologers versus astronomers: "We need to be provoked—goaded like oxen, as we are, into a trot." This is the 19th century, he argues; why should even small towns like Concord be so provincial?
The reader has already seen that one thread in Thoreau's ceaseless search for self-improvement is a need to justify himself to the ordinary people he professes to disdain. That thread is present in "Reading," along with the sense that Thoreau is also trying to encourage himself as a writer. He has moved to Walden Pond to write; he needs for his trade to be taken seriously. His motivation explains his labeling of authors as "a natural and irresistible aristocracy in every society."
Thoreau realizes that most people have not had a Harvard education, making them unlikely to pick up Latin and Greek so they can really dig into the classics. He sets rather impossible standards partly because, as a Transcendentalist, he truly believes that people should constantly strive for enlightenment. In confessing that he's not reading enough Homer and Plato, Thoreau shows his sincere desire to benefit from the wisdom of the ancients, while also drawing attention to his astute character and high standards.
At the beginning of this chapter, Thoreau mentions working so hard that he has no time for Homer's Iliad. He fails to realize that other people—full-time farmers, for instance—may also wish they had more time to read.