Course Hero. "War and Peace Study Guide." Course Hero. 29 Sep. 2016. Web. 18 Jan. 2019. <https://www.coursehero.com/lit/War-and-Peace/>.
Course Hero. (2016, September 29). War and Peace Study Guide. In Course Hero. Retrieved January 18, 2019, from https://www.coursehero.com/lit/War-and-Peace/
(Course Hero, 2016)
Course Hero. "War and Peace Study Guide." September 29, 2016. Accessed January 18, 2019. https://www.coursehero.com/lit/War-and-Peace/.
Course Hero, "War and Peace Study Guide," September 29, 2016, accessed January 18, 2019, https://www.coursehero.com/lit/War-and-Peace/.
War and Peace follows the military history of the French invasion of Russia and the effects of Napoleon's rule on Russian society. To create the realism the novel achieves, Leo Tolstoy relied heavily on primary sources and his own experiences in the Crimean War.
adjutant: military officer who assists a senior officer, often a general, in administrative affairs
artillery: large guns that discharge cannonballs or other types of missiles
barrow: mound made with earth or stones, often used in early wars to create a defensive position
battalion: group of troops composed of more than one company or unit
battery: grouping of artillery equipment
cavalry: armed soldiers riding on horses
chasseurs: cavalrymen trained for quick maneuvers
Cossacks: Russians from the south and Ukraine who lived in independent communities, somewhat apart from mainstream society, and who were known for their horsemanship and fighting skills
Esaul: head of a group of Cossacks
field marshal: commander-in-chief of the army
fleches: earthen fortifications used on the army's flank
French dragoons: cavalrymen who were also trained as infantrymen
hussar: cavalryman who carried a saber and pistols
infantry: foot soldiers
quartermaster: officer in charge of clothing and food for the troops
rampart: raised, protective barrier
redoubt: protective barrier, sometimes enclosed
regiment: military unit made up of several battalions
saber: cavalry sword with a slightly curved blade
squadron: cavalry troop bigger than a unit but smaller than a regiment
sutler: someone, usually a civilian, providing supplies to the troops
Uhlan: Prussian cavalryman