Literature Study GuidesWhite FangPart 3 Chapter 11 Summary

White Fang | Study Guide

Jack London

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White Fang | Part 3, Chapter 11 : The Gods of the Wild (The Outcast) | Summary



Lip-lip continues to torment White Fang in the camp, forcing White Fang to become more conniving and wicked to survive: "He was a sneak and a thief, a mischief-maker, a fomenter of trouble." White Fang learns how to fight a huge pack of dogs at once and how to inflict the most damage when fighting one-on-one. When he kills a dog in a fight, many Indian men demand he be thrown out, but his master, Gray Beaver, stands up for him. In this way, White Fang becomes "hated by man and dog." He lives as an outsider from the rest of the pack and is shooed away whenever he ventures near humans.


In the wild, White Fang likely would have lived in isolation, only joining a pack out of desperation for food. Yet, within the environment of the Indian camp, isolation hurts. The emotional pain White Fang feels by being ostracized not only shows the effect domestication has on him, it also strengthens the argument that his environment, not his nature, makes him cruel. The novel constantly questions whether an individual is shaped by nature or nurture, and it becomes clear here that White Fang's personality and behavior are strongly shaped by his experiences.

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