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Gregory Maguire

Year Published






Perspective and Narrator

Wicked is written from the perspective of an omniscient third-person narrator. Elphaba, the protagonist, is revealed mostly through the points of view of those around her, emphasizing that her story is a fiction created by others rather than a story she herself has authored.


Wicked is written in the past tense.

About the Title

The full title Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West is a direct reference to its main character, Elphaba, better known as the Wicked Witch of the West from L. Frank Baum's novel The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900). As a retelling of Baum's story focusing on the character's background and development from an odd toddler in Munchkinland to her iconic persona as the Wicked Witch of the West, Wicked's title also references its central theme: what it means to be wicked.


This study guide and infographic for Gregory Maguire's Wicked offer summary and analysis on themes, symbols, and other literary devices found in the text. Explore Course Hero's library of literature materials, including documents, Q&A pairs, and flashcards created by students and educators.

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