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Human Genetics Quiz

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1. What is the term for the physical traits that appear in an individual as a result of its genetic make-up?

2. Which law states that allele pairs separate independently in the formation of gametes?

3. What is a genome?

4. What is the term for a specific position or location on a chromosome where a particular gene or genetic marker is located?

5. What type of inheritance results when a gene located on the X chromosome determines a specific trait?

6. What is the name of the process by which mature sperm or ovum is produced, which includes halving the number of chromosomes?

7. In human genetics, what does the term 'autosomal' signify?

8. What is the Hardy-Weinberg principle?

9. What is the term for a situation where a single gene influences more than one phenotypic trait?

10. Which of the following refers to the alteration in the sequence of nucleotides in DNA?