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Understanding Mountains: A Geology Perspective Quiz

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1. What is the process called when mountains are formed due to the movement of Earth's tectonic plates?

2. Which type of mountain is formed by the effects of erosion?

3. Which mountain range is known as the 'roof of the world'?

4. What is the term for a mountain's height above sea level?

5. What is the world's tallest mountain if measured from base to peak?

6. What is the geological term for a ring-shaped coral island or series of islands, formed over a submerged mountain range?

7. What is the term for a mountain or hill having a crater or vent through which lava, rock fragments, hot vapor, and gas are expelled from beneath the Earth's surface?

8. What is the term for a long, steep slope, especially located at the edge of a plateau or separating areas of land at different heights?

9. Which historical geologic event resulted in the formation of the Appalachian Mountains in North America?

10. Which mountain range in South Africa is considered one of the oldest mountain ranges on Earth?