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European Colonization Quiz

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1. Which European country initiated the Age of Exploration by navigating the coast of Africa in the 15th century?

2. The Treaty of Tordesillas, signed in 1494, divided the newly discovered lands outside Europe between which two countries?

3. Which of the following was a primary motivator for European colonization?

4. What impact did European colonization have on the indigenous populations of the Americas?

5. The 'Columbian Exchange' refers to:

6. Which European power established the first successful colony in what is now the United States, at Jamestown, Virginia, in 1607?

7. The encomienda system, which granted colonists the right to demand tribute and forced labor from indigenous peoples, was implemented by which colonial power?

8. Which commodity was NOT a part of the triangular trade system?

9. What was the primary reason for the decline of the Portuguese Empire in the 17th century?

10. Who was the indigenous leader who led a rebellion against Spanish rule in Peru in the 1780s?