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# Mathematical Literature Quiz

### 1. Which mathematician is credited with the formulation of the theory of probability?

### 2. In which century did the symbolism for mathematical operations (+, -, x, ÷) become standardized?

### 3. Which work is considered one of the earliest known texts that utilized a systematic method to solve linear and quadratic equations?

### 4. Who is known for introducing the concept of a function as a fundamental element of analysis?

### 5. What is the title of the text by Euclid that laid the foundation for geometry as a mathematical discipline?

### 6. Which mathematical work by Pierre de Fermat is renowned for introducing modern number theory?

### 7. Who formulated the P versus NP problem, one of the most famous unsolved problems in computer science?

### 8. In which text did Isaac Newton introduce the three laws of motion?

### 9. What is the historical significance of the Rhind Mathematical Papyrus?

### 10. Which concept did Carl Friedrich Gauss, known as the "Prince of Mathematicians," introduce that revolutionized number theory?