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The Problem of Evil: A Philosophical Quiz

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1. Which philosophical problem questions the compatibility of an all-powerful, all-knowing, and all-good deity with the existence of evil in the world?

2. In theodicy, what term refers to evil caused by human actions such as murder and theft?

3. Which theodicy argues that the existence of evil is necessary for the development of moral virtues such as courage and compassion?

4. Which concept is central to Alvin Plantinga's Free Will Defense against the Problem of Evil?

5. What type of evil results from natural processes and phenomena, such as earthquakes and diseases, rather than human actions?

6. Which theological perspective holds that all instances of evil ultimately serve a greater good or divine purpose, despite our limited understanding?

7. In which philosophical work does Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz argue that our world, despite the presence of evil, is the 'best of all possible worlds'?

8. Which argument against the existence of God suggests that the presence of unnecessary suffering in the world makes the existence of an all-powerful, all-good deity unlikely?

9. Which theodicy posits that human free will is the cause of moral evil, but it is a necessary component for genuine relationships and moral development?

10. Which of the following best describes 'epistemic distance,' a concept related to the Problem of Evil and the Free Will Defense?