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Exploring the Fundamentals of Nuclear Physics Quiz

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1. What term describes the spontaneous emission of particles or electromagnetic radiation from the unstable nucleus of an atom?

2. In nuclear physics, which process involves combining two light atomic nuclei to form a heavier nucleus, releasing a significant amount of energy?

3. Which type of radiation consists of 2 protons and 2 neutrons, and is emitted during certain types of radioactive decay?

4. What is the fundamental force responsible for binding protons and neutrons together in the nucleus?

5. Which phenomenon occurs when a nucleus absorbs a neutron and splits into two roughly equal smaller nuclei, accompanied by the release of a significant amount of energy?

6. What is determined by the half-life of a radioactive isotope?

7. Which particles are identical to electrons but have a positive charge and are emitted during some types of radioactive decay?

8. In the context of nuclear reactions, what is the term for the minimum amount of fissile material needed to maintain a nuclear chain reaction?

9. What is the primary difference between nuclear fission and nuclear fusion?

10. Which concept explains the behavior of particles at the atomic and subatomic level, fundamental to understanding nuclear physics?