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Religious Reform Movements: A Quiz

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1. Which movement within Christianity aimed at purifying the Church of England from its 'Catholic' practices, eventually leading to the Separatist Movement?

2. In Islam, which reform movement emerged in the 18th century advocating a return to the original teachings of Muhammad, rejecting innovations and practices not explicitly mentioned in the Quran?

3. Which Buddhist reform movement, founded in the late 19th century, sought to adapt Buddhism to the modern world, emphasizing rationality and rejecting what it considered superstitious practices?

4. What religious reform movement within Hinduism, founded in the 19th century, focused on monotheism and aimed at eradicating the caste system, untouchability, and child marriage?

5. In the context of Christianity, which movement initiated by Martin Luther in the 16th century, challenged the authority of the Pope and led to the formation of Protestant churches?

6. Which Islamic reform movement, established in the 20th century, focuses on the idea of pan-Islamism and the unification of Muslim nations under a single caliphate?

7. Which Christian movement, started in the early 20th century, emphasizes the direct personal experience of God through baptism with the Holy Spirit?

8. Originating in the 19th century, which movement within Judaism sought to modernize Jewish life, integrating it with secular cultural and intellectual movements?

9. In the early 21st century, which movement within Islam advocates for a progressive understanding of Islam, emphasizing gender equality, social justice, and human rights?

10. Which religious reform movement, developed in the 20th century, focuses on the African-American experience, emphasizing racial pride, self-sufficiency, and the return to African roots and culture?