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Drainage Basin Characteristics Quiz

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1. What term describes the area of land where precipitation collects and drains off into a common outlet, such as a river, bay, or other body of water?

2. Which term refers to smaller rivers or streams that flow into a larger river or stream within a drainage basin?

3. What is the primary factor determining the shape of a drainage basin?

4. In hydrology, what is meant by 'runoff'?

5. What term is used to describe areas where two or more drainage basins meet and water from one flows into the other?

6. Which component of a drainage basin is primarily responsible for filtering pollutants from runoff before it reaches rivers or lakes?

7. What is the term for the process by which water from rain, snowmelt, or other sources flows over the land surface and is not absorbed into the ground?

8. Which feature is typically found at the lowest point of a drainage basin, where water from the basin is collected?

9. What is the primary influence on the rate of infiltration in a drainage basin?

10. How can urban development affect the characteristics of a drainage basin?