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Basic Concepts in Hydrology Quiz

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1. What is the scientific study of the distribution, circulation, and properties of water in the Earth's atmosphere, surface, and subsurface called?

2. What process involves the infiltration of water into the subsurface and its storage in the soil and underlying geological formations?

3. What is the primary source of all freshwater on Earth?

4. What is the term for the maximum amount of water vapor that the air can hold at a given temperature?

5. Which term refers to the collective phenomena related to the flow and accumulation of water, including both its physical and chemical aspects?

6. What is the term for the land area where water drains towards a common outlet, such as the outflow of a reservoir, mouth of a bay, or any point along a stream channel?

7. Which term refers to the boundary that separates neighbouring drainage basins?

8. What is the term for a body of water, either standing or flowing, open to the atmosphere and interacting with surface and near-surface environments?

9. What name is given to the level below which the ground is entirely saturated with water?

10. Which term refers to the part of the water cycle that involves water vapor being converted back into liquid water?