Course Hero Logo

Executive Branch Bureaucracy of the United States



body of workers in an organization who formulate and implement organizational policies

civil service

career employees of all branches of the federal government

delegated authority

power assigned to a subordinate individual or organization


process of reducing government regulation of business

enabling legislation

delegation of authority by Congress to executive agencies to work out the details of how a law is to be implemented

executive department

cabinet-level agency of the government with a specific mission and set of responsibilities

Federal Register

daily journal of the U.S. government

General Schedule Classification System

system that establishes official titles, levels of work, and pay grades for all civil service positions in the government

government corporation

business that serves a public purpose and is owned or partly owned by the government


process of putting a decision, plan, law, or regulation into effect

independent agency

governmental body that carries out a specialized government activity

interest group

association of individuals or organizations that tries to influence public policy

iron triangle

interconnected policy-making relationship of congressional committees, the bureaucracy, and interest groups

issue network

alliance of interest groups or individuals working together to promote a common agenda


individual who formally registers as an agent of a corporation or interest group and who will attempt to influence governmental policy

Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA)

agency given the task of reviewing executive branch regulations. The OIRA is within the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and is part of the Executive Office of the President.


practice of filling government positions with political allies

Pendleton Act

1883 law that provided for an open, nonpartisan method for choosing individuals to fill jobs in the executive bureaucracy

presidential commission

temporary body formed by a president to investigate and report on a particular problem or issue

presidential succession

sequence of government officials who replace the president if the president should die, resign, be removed from office, or become incapacitated

regulatory agency

part of an executive department that has power to regulate an industry or type of activity based on legislation enacted by Congress

regulatory commission

independent government body that oversees a specific policy area or industry

spoils system

practice of allocating executive offices to loyal members of the political party that was in control of the executive branch