Vocabulary

adipocyte

cell in connective tissue that stores fat

adipose tissue

type of loose connective tissue made of fat cells (adipocytes) that protects organs and serves as a nutrient reserve

basement membrane

extracellular layer that anchors epithelial tissue to surrounding tissue

cartilage

firm yet flexible type of connective tissue that consists of cells and a rubbery matrix

chondroblast

immature cell that produces the components of the cartilage matrix including collagen fibers and globular proteins

chondrocyte

mature cell found in cartilage that maintains the extracellular matrix

collagen fiber

type of fiber found in connective tissue that provides strength

columnar cell

type of cell in epithelial tissue that is tall and has a cuboid shape

connective tissue

tissue composed of cells and an extracellular matrix that binds the cells and organs of the body together, integrating all parts of the body

connective tissue proper

type of connective tissue that includes loose and dense connective tissue

cuboidal cell

type of cell in epithelial tissue that has a boxlike shape

cutaneous membrane

outer covering of the body made up of sheets of stratified squamous epithelial tissue and connective tissues

desmosome

cell junction that connects cells via specialized proteins and helps maintain tissue strength

elastic fiber

type of fiber found in connective tissue that can stretch and recoil

epithelial tissue

tissue made of sheets of cells that cover the surface of the body as well as the outside and inside of many internal organs

gap junction

structure that connects adjacent cells via protein channels, allowing the direct movement of small molecules and ions from the cytoplasm of one cell to the cytoplasm of the next cell

gland

organ or cell that produces and secretes substances

hemidesmosome

connection between a cell and the extracellular matrix

intercalated disc

structure that connects cardiac muscle cells and supports cardiac muscle contraction

membrane

skin and sheets of tissues covering organs and lining cavities

mucous membrane

type of membrane that lines internal body cavities open to the external environment

muscle tissue

excitable tissue that generates force leading to voluntary and involuntary movements of the body

nervous tissue

excitable tissue used to transmit electrical and chemical signals throughout the body by means of specialized cells called neurons

neuron

cell in the nervous tissue that transmits electrical and chemical signals throughout the body

reticular fiber

type of fiber found in connective tissue that has a netlike formation and provides support

serous membrane

type of membrane that lines body cavities not directly open to the outside

simple epithelium

epithelial tissue that is one cell layer thick

squamous cell

type of cell in epithelial tissue that has a flat, thin shape

stratified epithelium

epithelial tissue that contains two or more layers of cells

tissue

group of cells with similar structures and functions