bone growth when osteoblasts in the periosteum deposit new bone matrix layers onto already-formed layers of the outer surface of bone
one of several structures used to determine where muscles and ligaments attach, as well as where and how bones join together
hormone released from the thyroid that activates osteoblasts to remove calcium from the blood and deposit it into newly formed bone tissue
tiny passages that join the lacunae to the Haversian canal and to each other
dip or trench within the bone surface that allows for nerves and blood vessels to pass through
bone that is flat in shape and provides protection or serves as a large area for muscle attachment
opening through the center of each osteon that contains nerves and blood vessels that signal and nourish the osteon
large blood clot at the site of a break in bone. It results from the destruction of periosteum and blood vessels at the break site.
primary inorganic component of bone that makes it hard. It is a mineral salt made mostly of calcium phosphate.
lengthening of bone resulting from the growth of cartilage and its replacement with bone tissue
does not have a recognizable shape and serves a variety of functions, including protection, support, and points of muscle attachment
layer (often concentric) of bone connective tissue and a structural component of the osteon; forms a strong mesh along with collagen that adds significant strength to bone
bone that has two knobbed ends with a long shaft between them. Long bones are longer than they are wide and provide strength, structure, and mobility.
cell that forms new bone tissue by secreting a matrix made of collagen and calcium-binding proteins
mature bone cell that is found in the spaces of the bone matrix that monitor and maintain the bone matrix. Osteocytes signal to osteoblasts to increase bone deposition.
basic functional unit of mature bone. It is a long tube that runs parallel to the axis of bone and serves as a support beam to hold the weight of the bone.
bone that is among the smallest bones in the body; often functions to reduce friction at a joint or to prevent tearing of tendons