passive process involving the transfer of water and soluble components, such as nutrients, electrolytes, and waste, from the blood into the glomerular capsule of the nephron
duct in the kidney that collects the fluid produced by the nephron. This structure determines the final concentration of urine.
nephron found in the outer region of the renal cortex with a nephron loop that does not descend very far into the renal medulla
distal convoluted tubule
final segment of the nephron where ion concentrations are modified through secretion and reabsorption
point of contact between the end of the ascending limb of the nephron loop and the afferent arteriole. This complex allows self-regulation of the glomerular filtration rate in the renal corpuscle.
nephron located in the inner region of the renal cortex containing a nephron loop that descends deep into the renal medulla
primary structure in the kidney that produces urine by filtering blood and modifying the filtrate
section of the nephron that dips down into the renal medulla and functions to create a concentration gradient in the renal medulla
process of regulating osmotic pressure of body fluids by controlling the transport of salt and water across cellular membranes
minimum amount of pressure applied to a solution that would prevent pure water from entering the solution through a semipermeable membrane
proximal convoluted tubule
segment of the nephron that receives the initial filtrate from the glomerular capsule and modifies the filtrate through the processes of reabsorption and secretion