muscle attached to hair follicles that supports each hair that exits the dermis. In cold conditions it contracts to release thermal energy.
modified apocrine gland in the external ear whose secretions mix with sebum to form earwax
thick, inner layer of skin just below the epidermis that makes up about 90 percent of the skin's thickness
gland in the dermis that secretes sweat made mostly of water and plays an important role in thermoregulation
outer layer of the dermis; contains a network of small blood and lymph vessels that provide nutrients to the epidermis
gland that is joined to a hair follicle that produces oil to keep the skin supple and prevent the growth of microorganisms
outermost layer of skin; serves as the primary barrier against microbes and keeps the deeper layers from dehydrating
layer of the skin where keratinocytes produce keratin and then flatten and lose their nuclei
layer of the skin found only in certain areas of the body; provides extra padding and durability
layer of the epidermis that has a spiny appearance due to the keratinocytes that dominate it. It lends durability to skin.