sequence of chemical reactions that breaks down or decomposes molecules into smaller units while generating energy
series of electron transporters that move electrons from NADH and FADH2 to oxygen molecules. Protons are pumped from the mitochondrial matrix to the intermembrane space, and oxygen is reduced to form water.
metabolic pathway in which glucose is broken down into pyruvate in the cytoplasm of the cell
on a molecular level, the biological processes that build or break molecules; on an organismal level, all of the chemical reactions within an organism that provide cells with the capacity to acquire energy and use that energy to carry out different functions
production of ATP through chemiosmosis in the mitochondria through an electron transport chain