Water

Vocabulary

adhesion

tendency of two dissimilar molecules to stick together

cohesion

tendency of two similar molecules to stick together

covalent bond

chemical bond that forms when atoms share electrons

hydrogen bond

weak bond that results from an attraction between a positively charged hydrogen and a negatively charged atom

hydrophilic

having a strong affinity toward water

hydrophobic

having a weak or no affinity to water

nonpolar molecule

molecule whose sides carry equal or no electrical charges

polar molecule

molecule that has oppositely charged sides

solute

substance that is dissolved into a solution

solvent

substance in which another substance dissolves

specific heat

amount of energy in calories required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of a liquid by 1 degree Celsius