Types of Colloids
|Dispersed Phase||Dispersion Medium||Example|
|Gas||Solid||Pumice (volcanic rock)|
Colloidal particles are able to remain suspended in the dispersion medium despite the force of gravity because the particles are surrounded by oppositely charged ions in the dispersion medium. The particles therefore acquire a net charge and repel the other particles because they all have the same net charge. These repulsive forces repel gravity and keep the particles from settling.A colloid appears macroscopically to be homogeneous, but it is not. A simple test to determine whether a mixture is colloidal or a solution is to shine a light through it. In a colloidal dispersion, light is scattered by the particles, and the beam of light can be seen passing through the medium. The phenomenon of light being scattered by a colloid is known as the Tyndall effect. This effect is evidence that a colloid is not homogeneous. A solution that is homogeneous does not scatter the light.