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Composition of Substances and Solutions

Suggested Reading

Avogadro, A. 'Essai d'une Maniere de Determiner les Masses Relatives des Molecules Elementaires des Corps, et les Proportions Selon Lesquelles Elles Entrent dans ces Combinaisons' ('Essay on a Manner of Determining the Relative Masses of the Elementary Molecules of Bodies, and the Proportions in Which They Enter into These Compounds'). Journal de Physique, vol. 73, 1811, pp. 58–76. English translation available at

IUPAC Compendium of Chemical Terminology - the Gold Book, International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, 2017,

Brouwers, J., M. Brewster, and P. Augustijns. "Supersaturating Drug Delivery Systems: The Answer to Solubility-Limited Oral Bioavailability?" Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 98, no. 8, 2006, pp. 2549–2572. doi:10.1002/jps.21650.