person who believes that the existence of a greater power, such as a god, is unknown and unknowable
tool that measures the importance of religious meanings in personality
established religious organization that is well integrated into larger society. Churches have well-established rules and expect their leaders to be formally trained, educated, and ordained.
implicit values of a nation, expressed through public rituals, symbols, and ceremonies on sacred days and at sacred places
set of generally accepted social rules, norms, values, and beliefs that have become embodied in institutions and form the basis of society
religious group composed of individuals who reject what they see as the values of the outside society
subgroup or branch of a religion that has its own tradition, interpretation of religious faith, and identity
set of beliefs that emphasizes a religious duty to free people from political, social, and economic oppression
sense of unity between people who share ties, values, and beliefs, leading to cooperation
Weber's term for a belief in the moral value of hard work and traits such as orderliness, efficiency, and frugality
set of beliefs adhered to by the members of a community, incorporating ritual practices and symbols that are regarded with a sense of awe or wonder
form of a religion characterized by opposition to change and strict adherence to a narrow interpretation of religious texts
linking of strongly held religious convictions with beliefs about a people's social and political destiny
belief that multiple religions are fundamentally valid and no one religion is superior. Multiple religions can coexist and can provide a pathway to God or the divine.
objects, symbols, and ideas that are awe-inspiring, unexplainable, and spiritually significant
enforcement and encouragement of conformity by society upon its members, either by law or by social pressure
complex set of interdependent social forces that reproduce stable, valued patterns of behavior
belief in a kinship or mystical relationship between humans and a totem, a natural object, animal, or plant believed to have a particular symbolic significance
people who do not identify with a specific religion. Unaffiliated individuals are not necessarily agnostic, atheist, or nonspiritual.