Sociological Perspective



The sociological perspective is the view that human behavior is shaped by a sense of belonging to a group. Sociology is the study of social behavior, including social life, social change, and the social causes and consequences of human behavior. It is different from psychology, the study of individual behavior. Sociologists use the sociological perspective to examine and analyze the social behaviors that occur within groups, communities, and societies. They take a scientific approach to understanding society. Their work is grounded in the analysis of data. The sociological perspective reflects an attempt to view and analyze, rather than to judge, societies and social behavior.

Three central concepts within sociology are social interaction, social structure, and social change. Sociology began to develop as a field of study in the late-19th century. Theorists working to describe and understand the social and cultural impacts of the Industrial Revolution wanted to use a rational, scientific methodology. Sociologists continue to stress the importance of an empirical, evidence-based approach to understanding societies, social behavior, and social change.

At A Glance