The growth rate over time is the primary indicator of whether the economy is in a period of growth, recession, or depression. Recession and depression are periods of negative growth, or contraction in real GDP. A recession occurs when growth is negative for two consecutive quarters. A depression is a more prolonged period of GDP contraction, lasting years and resulting in rising unemployment and declining income. Measuring GDP growth also allows economists to spot trends in the forces powering GDP, whether positive or negative, by identifying the influence of certain sectors such as manufacturing, services, and even specific subsectors such as car manufacturing, on economic activity over time.Trends determined by analyzing changes in real GDP inform the decisions of economic actors throughout the economy because GDP trends and projections are used to determine when to raise or lower interest rates, when to save, and when (and in which sectors) to invest. If GDP growth is slow, for example, the government may want to enact changes to fiscal or monetary policy in order to spur investment and growth.