recognizing revenue when earned and recording expenses when incurred regardless of the cash received or paid
slowdown or stoppage in one stage of a process that lessens the output of the entire system
point at which a company's total revenue is equal to its total cost, which means zero profit and zero loss
recognizing and recording revenue or expenses in the period when cash is received or paid
amount or percentage compensation a salesperson receives for selling a product or service to a customer
amount left after a company's variable costs are subtracted from its total sales for a given period. It is an essential component of a break-even analysis.
difference between a company's sales and variable expenses, expressed as a percentage of sales. It represents the total earnings available to pay for fixed expenses and generate a profit.
total money spent to purchase or produce the products that were sold during an accounting period
proportion of a company's fixed and variable expenses in relation to its overall operation expenses
accounting method used to examine the connection between cost, volume, and profit when changes occur in activity level, fixed costs, selling price, or variable costs
payment and benefits for employees involved with converting the direct materials into the finished product
raw goods that can be traced directly to, or easily identified with, a specific product
expense of operating a company for a specific period of time that remains unchanged despite changes in the company's activity level
one of the four major financial statements; it measures revenues minus expenses to arrive at the net income or net loss during a specific time period
cost that is part of the manufacturing process but is not attributable to a single unit; for example, the salary of a security guard
effect that fixed costs have on a company’s operating income; it can be calculated by dividing a company's contribution margin by its net income. The more fixed costs a company has compared to variable costs, the higher its operating leverage.
proportion of different products or services, usually varying in profitability, that makes up a company's total sales
difference between the planned proportion of products or services and the actual proportion of products or services as reflected in total sales
costs incurred by a company's sales division in the process of selling a product or service
total amount or quantity of something; usually used to measure the number of products and services sold