two-word naming convention for each type of organism, which includes genus and species name
small, hairlike projection from cells; can be used for motility or sensing the environment
network of membranes that helps process molecules in a cell and transports cell materials
organelle that attaches chemical markers to molecules produced in the endoplasmic reticulum in order to transport the molecules to their place inside or outside a cell
organelle in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells containing degradative enzymes enclosed in a membrane
organelle that changes energy from food into energy a cell can use
structure in a cell that has a specific task, such as a lysosome, mitochondrion, or Golgi apparatus
substance forming the cell wall of many bacteria made up of glycosaminoglycan (sugar) chains interlinked with short peptides (amino acids)
short, hairlike projection found on the surface of some bacteria that helps cells stick together. Longer pili can transfer DNA from cell to cell.
unicellular organism containing nuclei and membrane-bound organelles classified into the kingdom Protozoa
haploid reproductive structure of plants, algae, and fungi that divides by mitosis into a multicellular gametophyte. It can travel long distances or remain dormant for a long time.
scientific study of naming and categorizing living organisms based on shared characteristics