organic compound that contains two carbonyl groups () bound to the same oxygen atom with (RCO)2O stoichiometry
organic compound that contains a carbonyl group () bound to one alkyl () fragment and one halogen atom, with or stoichiometry
organic compound that contains a carbonyl group () bound to one alkyl () fragment and one hydrogen atom, with or stoichiometry
organic compound that contains a halogen atom. The halogen atom can be classified as primary, secondary, tertiary, vinylic, or aromatic.
hydrocarbon that contains at least one carbon-carbon triple bond () with CnH2n-2 stoichiometry
organic compound that contains a carbonyl () linked to nitrogen atoms through a bond. It has a general stoichiometry.
organic compound that is a derivative of ammonia (NH3), where one or more hydrogen atoms are replaced by alkyl or aryl units (R), forming single bonds
uninterrupted planar ring of sp2 and/or p orbitals whose electron count adds up to , where any positive integer. Benzene, C6H6, is the most common example.
formula that shows the functional group(s) and carbon skeleton of the molecule without explicitly showing carbon or hydrogen (except those that are part of the functional group)
version of the Lewis structure where most or all of the bond dashes are omitted and common atoms are combined in a parenthesis, such as CH3(CH2)4CH3
bonding electrons or lone pairs are not localized on one atom but are spread over more than one atom
organic compound that contains a carboxyl unit in which a hydrogen of the hydroxyl group is replaced by an alkyl or aryl group, giving it or stoichiometry
organic compound that contains a carbonyl group () bound to two alkyl () fragments (which can be the same, R and R, or different, R and R′) with or RCOR ′ stoichiometry
model that represents covalent bonds and nonbonding electrons with symbols, dots, and lines
method that organic chemists use to depict the Lewis structures of organic molecules where electrons can be in two or more different places around fixed atoms
weighted average of all of the multiple representations of Lewis structures for an organic molecule
lowering of the overall energy of a molecule due to the delocalization of electrons as seen in its resonance structures
organic compound derived from H2S, containing an alkyl or aryl group covalently linked to a sulfhydryl group, , through bonds, with stoichiometry