step-by-step continuous process of accounting activities that keep accounting records in order
category of adjusting entry that recognizes the use (expense) or earning (revenue) associated with an event before any cash is exchanged
additional trial balance prepared by adding adjusting journal entries to the unadjusted trial balance
entry prepared because of the passage of time or a change in circumstances when no specific transactions have occurred. Adjusting journal entries are usually recorded at the end of an accounting period.
one of the four major financial statements, representing a snapshot in time of an organization's assets, liabilities, and owner's equity
entry prepared to close the books and move to the next accounting period, which includes the "zeroing out" of temporary accounts
accounting concept that suggests the accounting cycle should maintain processes to ensure all legitimate accounting events are recorded
unique account that offsets the cost of an existing asset to adjust the asset account to its book value
category of adjusting entries that recognize the use (expense) or earning (revenue) associated with an event after the exchange of cash
accounting concept that spreads significant asset costs over the time period during which the asset will be useful
one of the four major financial statements, measuring revenues minus expenses to arrive at the net income or net loss during a specific time period
accounting principle that holds that revenues should be contemporaneously matched with the expenses that helped generate them
account that is never closed, appearing on the balance sheet. Balances remain open and roll forward to the next accounting period or cycle.
final trial balance prepared to include the effect of closing entries, representing the end of current accounting period/cycle. Only permanent accounts appear on a post-closing trial balance.
permanent account reflecting the running total of net income of an organization over its entire history. Net income increases its balance, while net losses decrease its balance.
one of the four major financial statements, classifying cash receipts and payments by operating, investing, and financing activities during a specific time period
one of the four major financial statements, representing changes in owner's equity from beginning to end of a period
category of accounts that do not retain a balance, or are "zeroed out," when moving from one accounting period to the next, such as revenue and expense accounts