act of officially stopping something. The abolition movement of the 19th century focused on ending slavery and racial prejudice.
follower of Calvinism—a branch of Protestantism. Calvinists believe God preordains who will be saved and who will be damned.
large, multiday spiritual gathering. Popular during the early 19th century, camp meetings were generally held outdoors or under tents.
members of the Democratic-Republican Party, which evolved from the Jeffersonian Republican Party in opposition to the policies of the Federalist Party
follower of Evangelicalism—a branch of Protestantism. Evangelicals believe humans are capable of choosing to lead a righteous life and determining their own salvation.
Indian Removal Act
law passed in 1830 designating land west of the Mississippi River for American Indian use and promising Indians the protection of the United States government
political ideology that champions the equality of the common man and the elite classes
fourth chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. Marshall greatly influenced the development of the U.S. system of constitutional law.
Second Great Awakening
evangelical religious movement of the early 19th century. This era was characterized by outdoor revivals and a push for social reform.
practice in which a winning political party replaces current government employees with its own supporters
Trail of Tears
arduous 1,000-mile journey taken in 1838 by the Cherokee from the southeastern United States across the Mississippi River to Indian Territory. About 4,000 individuals died during the trek.
evolution of the National Republican Party and conservative political opponents of the Democratic-Republicans, formed for the 1834 election
Worcester v. Georgia
1832 Supreme Court case that questioned the constitutionality of Georgia's imprisonment of white missionaries who were guests on Cherokee land. The court ruled against the state.