military and naval strategy of the Union to encircle the South, block Southern ports, and increase pressure on the South by land and sea
Appomattox Court House
site of Robert E. Lee's surrender to Ulysses S. Grant, which marked the beginning of the end of the Civil War
Confederate strategy to win the Civil War by not losing it. The Confederates planned to drag out the war, making it difficult and expensive for the Union to fight.
Battle of Antietam
September 17, 1862; the bloodiest single day of battle in American history; a Union victory that resulted in more than 20,000 casualties
Battle of Gettysburg
July 1–3, 1863; battle fought in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, that marked the last Confederate foray into the North
Battle of Glorieta Pass
March 28, 1862; battle fought in Glorieta Pass, New Mexico, that marked the last Confederate foray into the West
Battle of Hampton Roads
March 8–9, 1862; first battle fought between ironclad ships in the history of the world
Abraham Lincoln's proclamation that freed all slaves living in Confederate states not yet under Union control
speech given by Abraham Lincoln at the dedication of the National Cemetery at Gettysburg. It is recognized as one of the most influential speeches in American history.
March to the Sea
devastating march of Union troops led by General William Tecumseh Sherman from Atlanta to Savannah. The goal of the march was to break the spirit of the Southern people.
Robert E. Lee
Confederate general and commander of the Army of Northern Virginia from June 1862 to April 1865
Ulysses S. Grant
Union general responsible for the Vicksburg Campaign and the surrender of Robert E. Lee at Appomattox Court House
General Ulysses S. Grant's plan to capture Vicksburg, Mississippi, and gain control of the Mississippi River and divide the western and eastern Confederate states