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American Imperialism: 1898–1913



to officially incorporate, or take in as part of a whole


formal incorporation of land or territory into another nation or state

dollar diplomacy

foreign policy providing economic aid to areas around the world to encourage economic stability and safeguard American business interests

Great White Fleet

fleet of battleships that circumnavigated the globe in 1907 in a show of U.S. military might

Monroe Doctrine

foreign policy that prohibited European powers from interfering with former colonies in the Western Hemisphere

Open Door policy

international trade agreement between the United States and several foreign nations over trade with China

Panama Canal

40-mile-long system of locks and dams that allows ships to easily navigate between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans

Philippine-American War

war waged by Filipino nationalists led by Emilio Aguinaldo against the United States from 1899 to 1902

Roosevelt Corollary

corollary to the Monroe Doctrine reserving the right of the United States to intervene in conflicts between Caribbean or Latin American countries and Europe

Spanish-American War

brief military conflict that began on April 25, 1898, with a declaration of war by the United States against Spain

spheres of influence

areas of political control by a foreign power

U.S.S. Maine

U.S. battleship sent by President McKinley to patrol the harbor of Havana, Cuba's main port

yellow press

newspapers that used sensationalism to attract readers