three-part economic plan to boost U.S. industry, commerce, and agriculture. It included protective tariffs on imports, the establishment of a Second Bank, and federal monies to improve internal transportation.
phrase used by Jackson supporters to describe an alleged agreement between Henry Clay and John Quincy Adams to sway the House of Representatives to vote Adams in as president in the 1824 election
evolved from the Jeffersonian Republican Party in opposition to the policies of the Federalist Party
congressional powers not specifically granted by the Constitution but "implied" or indirectly suggested by the "necessary and proper" clause
fourth chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. Marshall greatly influenced the development of the U.S. system of constitutional law.
Supreme Court case that affirmed the constitutional doctrine of Congress's "implied powers" over states. Congress had the powers expressly stated in the Constitution and the authority to carry out those powers.
clause in the U.S. Constitution granting Congress the right to make any laws required to carry out Congress's specific powers listed in the Constitution
evolution of the National Republican Party and conservative opponents of the Democratic-Republicans, formed for the 1834 election