Republican presidential candidate who was elected the 16th president of the United States on November 7, 1860
name used to describe the violent conflict in the Kansas Territory between proslavery and antislavery forces
five slave states (Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, Missouri, and West Virginia) that remained part of the Union
breakaway party made up of former Whigs from the Republican party who sought to resolve sectional differences by upholding the Constitution
controversial 1857 Supreme Court ruling that determined slaves could not be citizens and that prior residence in a free state did not entitle an enslaved individual to freedom
system by which the president of the United States is selected by electors from each state and the District of Columbia. Each state has the same number of electoral votes as it has representatives and senators in Congress; the District of Columbia has three.
Union fort on a man-made island located at the entrance to the harbor in Charleston, South Carolina
militant abolitionist who, in 1859, organized a violent and bloody raid against a federal arsenal in Harpers Ferry, West Virginia
passed in 1854, an act that established the borders of the Kansas and Nebraska territories, gave the territories popular sovereignty to decide the issue of slavery, and repealed the Missouri Compromise of 1820
political doctrine that the power of government lies in the hands of the people governed and that a government is legitimate only if it has the consent of the governed
division between North and South over the question of slavery and whether to extend it to the territories
offshoot of the long-standing Democratic Party and made up of pro-slavery leaders
senator from Illinois who publicly debated the issue of slavery and its extension to the territories
political system consisting of two major parties usually equal in strength. One of the two parties wins a majority in an election.
evolution of the National Republican Party and conservative political opponents of the Democratic-Republicans, formed for the 1834 election