Divided Nation: 1992–2016

Vocabulary

al-Qaeda

extremist Islamic terrorist group headed by Osama bin Laden responsible for deadly attacks on the U.S. embassy in East Africa (1998), the USS Cole (2000), and New York City and Washington, DC (2001)

anthrax

deadly bacterium transmitted to humans through eating, drinking, and breathing

climate change

long-term change in usual weather patterns associated with the buildup and warming effect of greenhouse gases in Earth's atmosphere

deficit

result of spending more money than is brought in

extradite

to hand over a person accused or convicted of a crime to the foreign state in which the crime was committed

foreclosure

legal process by which a homeowner/borrower loses all rights to a property after a period of nonpayment. The property becomes the possession of the bank.

Great Recession

18-month period of global economic contraction from December 2007 to June 2009

impeach

to formally level charges against a high government official. In the case of a president, the House of Representatives initiates the proceedings.

inflation

effect of an increase in the price of goods and the decrease in money's purchasing power

North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)

trade agreement that eliminated restrictive customs taxes and policies on imports and exports between the United States, Canada, and Mexico

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

military alliance created by the Allied powers after World War II

Osama bin Laden

Islamic terrorist and head of al-Qaeda, behind the 1998 American embassy attacks, the 2000 bombing of the USS Cole, and the 9/11 attacks in New York City, Washington, DC, and Pennsylvania

partisan

strong, uncompromising support of a particular political party, cause, or ideology

perjury

willful lie in a court while under oath

populist

advocating for the rights and concerns of ordinary citizens

Tea Party

grassroots populist social and political movement that began in 2009

terrorism

unlawful use of violence and intimidation in pursuit of political gains

USA PATRIOT Act

acronym for Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act, which greatly expanded the powers of U.S. law enforcement and intelligence agencies such as the CIA and FBI in response to 9/11 terrorism

weapons of mass destruction

chemical, biological, or radioactive weapons capable of causing widespread casualties

Whitewater

federal investigation into Bill and Hillary Clinton's alleged involvement in a scheme to defraud two financial institutions