boundary line between Great Britain/Canada and the United States as established by the Oregon Treaty of 1846
boundary line between British Canada and the United States sought by President Polk. The line lay much farther north than the 49th parallel, at the southern border of the Russian territory of Alaska.
belief that spirit beings inhabit all natural things, such as animals, plants, stars, and the moon and sun
title giving individuals the right to mine for gold in a specified area; also refers to the area itself
rich deposit of silver named after Henry Comstock, who partially owned the land where it was discovered
fluffy round clump of fiber that grows on the cotton plant and is used to manufacture cotton clothing and other products
machine invented by Eli Whitney in 1793 that separated seeds from the short fibers of upland cotton bolls
term that describes the fiscal and political importance of cotton in the pre–Civil War South
belief that U.S. expansion west to the Pacific Ocean and south to part of Mexico was necessary and even divinely ordained
system of privately owned large tracts of land for cultivating cash crops such as cotton and tobacco and requiring enslaved persons to work in the fields
large area of land allocated by a Spanish government grant for raising beef cattle, horses, or sheep
treaty made between the U.S. government and the Lakota, Dakota Sioux, and Arapaho tribes in 1868. The treaty stipulated that the sacred Black Hills of South Dakota were not to be developed and were a possession of the Sioux and Arapaho tribes.
location where a major gold rush began in January 1848, near the Sacramento River in California
massacre of over 200 Sioux men, women, and children by American troops at Wounded Knee, South Dakota, on December 29, 1890. This battle ended the Plains Wars.