grant by the Spanish crown giving a colonizer the right to demand forced labor and tributes—usually of gold or land—from indigenous peoples
member of a Roman Catholic order who pledged to live in poverty. Franciscans' mission in the New World was to convert indigenous people to the Christian faith.
conquistador who led several hundred settlers into New Mexico, established its first settlement, and became the province's first governor
uprising in which the members of many pueblos joined together in a coordinated attack against the Spanish on August 11, 1680