United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union. These were the three most powerful of the Allied nations during the war.
Day of Infamy speech
President Roosevelt's call to Congress to declare war against Japan because of the empire's "infamous" attack on Pearl Harbor
American B-29 bomber plane carrying an atomic bomb nicknamed Little Boy. It dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan, on August 6, 1945.
Executive Order 9066
presidential order issued by President Roosevelt in 1942 that authorized the military to evacuate from the West Coast any people thought to be a security risk. Although the order did not single out any specific group of individuals, it was used to force Japanese Americans from their homes into detention camps.
Japanese city and target of the first atomic bomb, dropped by U.S. forces on August 6, 1945
Lend-Lease Act of 1940
law that gave the president the power to lend equipment and supplies to allies he considered vital
code name for a secret American program to develop and build an atomic bomb. This program was in response to concerns the Germans were developing atomic weapons for use against the Allies.
Navajo code talkers
Native American servicemembers who transmitted top-secret military communications in their native language
main base of the U.S. Pacific Fleet on the Hawaiian island of Oahu. Japan's attack on December 7, 1941, prompted the United States to enter World War II.
meeting in late summer 1945 held in the Berlin suburb of Potsdam. The goal of the conference was to finalize plans for Germany's occupation and reconstruction.
Rosie the Riveter
character who became the face of the government's publicity campaign to draw more women into the workforce
Victory over Japan Day. Historic day celebrated on two different dates in the United States—August 14, 1945, when Japanese forces surrendered, and September 2, 1945, when Japan signed formal surrender documents.
members of Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Services—the U.S. Navy corps of female service personnel
meeting held in the Soviet Union for planning the final stages of the war, as well as the division and occupation of postwar Germany by the Allied forces