Article Summary: Arab Spring Countries Need Another $30 to $40 Billion a Year
The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and of the World Bank for
the Middle East, have come to the conclusion that the Arab Spring
Secular modernists were one group, and the Muslim Brotherhood was another. What
Muslim Brotherhoodpreservation of eastern and Islmaic tradition
Secular modernistsmodernization described as western style secularism
What was Kemalism, and wh
At Mecca, c 600, Bedouin traders stored what in the Kaba?
Mecca was a commercial
Exam 1 Study Guide
The stronger these trade winds are the less rainfall these areas
receive thus creating an arid climate
What are the characteristics of Mediterranean Climate, or Dry Summer sub-Tropical?
The Mediterranean climate alternate between hot,
Exam 1 Study Guide pt 1
Held Ch. 1 pg 3-12
Cradle of Civilization- commonly known because its where the early civilizations started
Islamic Civilization= unifying factor in Middle East
ME translating classical writings, literary, philosophical and scienti
The Kurds having lost it in the Treaty of Sveres in 1920 (no set boundaries for the
kurdsnot recognized) waged war for it from 1961 til 1970, in 1974, in the 1980s,
through the 90s, and finally gained a measure of it in 2003. What is it?
an officially re
Exam 3 Study Guide
From CQ Chapter 1, there were brief sections withheld from the Exam 2 reading
assignments. Revisiting them now, lets consider
from The Oil-Producing States (pp61-4):
What means rentier states? And how is it a complication for nation-bui
Press freedoms inside Iran are infamous and self-censorship is standard practice.
But these restraints on journalism are only part of the landscape of human rights
abuses. List them from pp 496-7.
Restrictions on Journalism:
o No criticism of Islamic do
From Iran (Mehrzad Boroujerdi. CQ Middle East. Ch 12), answer or develop the following:
As with the Russian and Bolshevik Revolutions of 1917, when a new seeminglymoderate government was quickly swept-away by a truly-radical one, the 1979 Iranian
Istanbul Substantive Observations
Historically and presently, Turkey has and is currently having an identity crisis.
Turkey has been through a series of different leaders. Following the succession from the
Ottoman Empire, Tur
Kuwait State Briefing
Located in the Northeast corner of the Arabian Peninsula, and is one of the smallest
countries in the world with regards to land area.
Most of Kuwit is covered in the sandy Arabian desert, and its hig
SYRIA AND LEBANON
Syrias historic background practically pre-dates history.
Ottoman control until recently
Appreciate the centrality of Syria - at an ancient center of commerce and power
survives Syria, or most of it. It is an open door to great powers,