Brett Gary Reading
John Dewey (1859-1952): Philosopher, educator.
The Public & Its Problems (1927)
Walter Lippmann (1889-1974): journalist, social
critic. Ex-CPI. Public Opinion (1922), The Phantom
Basic Issue: Three d
Hume on Reason, Passion, and Morality
Ethics in Plato
o What is justice?
o Why be just?
Hume and Kant
o Plan: look at where moral judgement comes from psychologically to understand
what morality is.
o Main question: does it come from reason or t
Immanuel Kant, 1727-1804, German Philosopher
o A hypothetical imperative is an imperative which applies only to people who
desire a certain end.
o You ought to study for your tests.
Applies only to those who
Review Sheet for PHIL 1000 Midterm Tu 10/11
The midterm covers all material from validity and soundness up through the lecture on
contemporary ethics. In preparing for the test, please consult all handouts on Blackboard as
well as my slides and reading no
Claire Jochens #14179689
1. Philosophy is the study of the use of logic to promote understanding of
phenomenon in the world. Philosophy provides an argument and solution.
This study is important because it promotes
Human Freedom and the Self
Chisholm argues that determinism is incompatible with free will, but that nonetheless humans have free will. He rejects
compatibilist arguments offered by many philosophers (e.g., Ayer and Stace from this volum
Free will is defined to be. Hard detectorists state that . I agree with hard determinist and the belief
that. In I will argueThe hard determinist answer to the question Do we have free will? is. No, we
never act freely.
Second Paragraph: Explanation of Ha
In Defense of Mind-Body Dualism
Physicalism is the view that sensations and other mental states are entirely physical. Dualism is the view that mental states are nonphysical. In this
essay, Gertler defends naturalistic dualism: the vi
According to what Frankfurt calls the principle of alternate possibilities,a person is morally responsible for what he has done
only if he could have done otherwise.A related principle (which Frankfurt does not name) holds that if a person has b
The two young men grew up with their respective families in the affluent Kenwood neighborhood on Chicago's South Side. The Loebs owned a
summer estate, Castle Farms, inCharlevoix, Michigan, in addition to their mansion in Kenwood, two blocks from the Leop
Intro to Philosophy v 'MidtermExam c. Gadsden
' Fall 2012
Name: MAJ-aw E>gd _ /
Please be sure to put the letter or answer in the blank provided! Read the questions carefully and
be sure to at least guess at all of them.
True or False: one
Exam Three Notes
Notes- Reasons and Religious Belief
Metaphysics: does God (an-all perfect creator of the world) exist?
o Can we know God exists?
o Is it rational/reasonable for us to believe that God exists?
Question: what goals should guid
Induction: Unlike Deduction, we lose certainty
but gain new information. Essentially,
induction involves making observations and
drawing conclusions. Two key things to
remember about induction:
A. Because observations are finite/can be
flawed, there is al
Bernays & Curti & Recent PoliSci Research
Edward Bernays (1891-1995):
A founding father of advertising/public
relations, especially in terms of using
depth psychology insights
Believes that democratic beliefs about
individuals are myths. Why?
1. Human n
Deductive (deduction): The conclusion follows
without doubt from the premises (those statements
that lay out the evidence).
Validity: the internal coherence of a deductive
Truth: whether the things spoken of in the
deductive argument actually ex
Quine Study Guide-
W.V.O. Quine (1908-2000). A logician affiliated for his entire
career with Harvard University, Quine developed, among other
things, the idea of the indeterminacy of translation. Basically,
Quines idea is that language is not a window th
Gilovich Reading Study Guide
Gilovichs main point: to demonstrate how hard-wired the tendency is to
seek pattern and order. This tendency sometimes causes us to see an
apparent order or pattern which isnt really there.
Gilovichs examples and terms:
Milgram & Zimbardo
Milgram Experiment (1961) backgroundAdolph Eichmann, infamous Nazi SS officer involved in planning
and carrying out the Holocaust
1960: apprehended by Israeli special forces in Argentina
1961: trial in Jerusalem
George Orwell (Eric Arthur Blair) 1903-1950
Down and Out in Paris and London (1933)
Keep the Aspidistra Flying (1936)
Homage to Catalonia (1938)
Coming Up For Air (1939)
Animal Farm (1945)
Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949)
1. Fallacy of Division: applying something characteristic of a group to a single
2. Fallacy of Composition: applying something characteristic of an individual
member to the entire group.
3. Appeal to force: appeal that contains
Top 5 Actors
Suzy- Mackenzie Foy
Officer- Nick Offerman
Scout Master- Bill Hader
All Speaking Actors
Scout Master Ward
Unit One Notes
Introduction- The Nature of the Mind
Introduction to Philosophy
Main areas of philosophy
1. Metaphysics(theory of reality)
What are the basic dimensions of reality? Material? Immaterial?
Does God (perfect, immaterial creator o
Philosophy: Exam Two Study Guide
1. Functionalism and Eliminative Materialism: Churchland, page 335
Question: Can we create a machine that has at least some of our mental states?*
i. Simple Case: Experiencing a tickle
1. Human being- can feel the tickle
Reason and Religious Belief
Clarke, A Modern Formulation of the
Cosmological Argument, p. 46
Rowe, The Cosmological Argument, p. 47
Paley, The Argument from Design, p. 56
Blackburn, Miracles and Testimony, p. 145
Johnson, God an