Rome and Carthage 2/8)
Greek Colonization (500 B.C.)
Mediterranean World (275 B.C.)
First Punic War (264-241 B.C.)
Prevents Carthaginian expansion toward Italy
Rome builds a navy
Conclusion (Terms of the Treaty of 241):
o Tribute from Carthage
Conflict in the Early Republic (2/4)
Marcus Furius Camillus
Captures Veii, 396 B.C.
Rome is sacked by Gauls, 387 B.C.
Recognized as a war-hero, his victory is celebrated with a triumph
Siege at Veii
Financial crisis in Rome, 406 B.C.
Rome at war with
Monarchy to Republic (1/28)
Seven Kings, alternating bad-good (Romulus is bad, Numa Pompilius
is good, etc.)
Etruscan Kings (Tarquins)
Late 7th to 6th centuries B.C.
Livys account of Tarquinius Priscus did not become king by
Romulus and Monarchy (1/25)
The City of Rome
Appenine Mountains the river valleys
Latium (where Rome is, in the valley of the Tiber River)
The Seven Hills of Rome:
Foundation and Monarchy
Inhabitants as early as second half of second millennium BC
Settlement expands on Palatine Hill in 8th century
The Trojan War (Homers Iliad)
Fall of Troy: 1184 BC
Outward signs of Roman Civilization
o Emperors added their own forums (fora) near original forum at Rome
o An oblong or rectangular hall; often colonnaded (inside and out); of
Culture in Italy (2/13)
Rome Culture (pre-250 B.C.)
o Temple of Jupiter
o Servian Wall
Write: the Twelve Tables (449 B.C.)
No Roman/Latin literature (that we know of)
Consumers of art
First Roman money in 3rd c. B.C.: heavy bronze denomi
Marius, Sulla and Catiline (2/20)
Lucius Cornelius Sulla
Outbreak of the Social War (91-88 B.C.)
o Socii rebellious allies
o Gnaeus Pompeius Strabo (father of Gnaeus Pompey)
Sulla and Marius vie for command against Mithr
Cicero and Julius Caesar (2/27)
Harmony of the Orders
Optimates vs. Populares continues
Marcus Tullius Cicero works to maintain order between the two
o A novus homo, also from Aprinium
o Orator and laywer
o Elected consul in 63 B.C.
Julius Caesar and Augustus (3/1)
Octavian (later Augustus)
19 yrs old in 44 B.C.
Posthumous adoption by Julius Caesar
Intercession of Cicero
A series of violent ad hominem speeches against Antony
o Octavian granted imperium, defeats Anton
Categories of Status in Roman Law
Our interest today = slaves and foreigners
Slaves and Slavery in Rome
How did one become a slave?
Diversity of slave population at Rome Why?
Roman attitudes towards slaves and slavery:
1. Forums = Town square with big buildings
1. Place for business, conducting + discussing politics, ceremonies, gladiator fights
2. Contains monuments, and basilicas of aristocratic families.
4. Prestigious if you own