Geology 1100: Final Exam Study Guide
Quiz 1 Introduction to Geology
Important Themes in Geology
A. Importance of Geology
1. Acquiring` geological material (oil, minerals, metals)
2. Hazards (volcanoes, earthquakes, sandstorms, mudslides, ava
Locating the earthquake
Difference between the P- and S-wave arrival times
o First arrival time
o Shorter the time interval-closer the earthquake
Three seismic stations are generally required.
Circle with radius equal to the distance
Earth Overview (Chapter 2)
1. Geoecosystem plants and animals depend on their geology
2. Earth Systems:
i. Thin blanket of air mixture of gases with suspended liquids and solids
1) Surface of Earth to altitude of about 100km
2) 90% is locate
Chapter 2 Notes
How far is the heliosphere from the sun?
What is the outermost layer of earth that is comprised of the crust and upper mantle and makes up
How is sedimentary rock formed?
It's formed from debris cem
Exam 2 Study Guide
Thermal Metamorphic Environment
Heating by plutonic intrusion.
New minerals for from old. Initial minerals become unstable, change to new.
No planar fabric evident. Minerals recrystallized with
1. Know the basic components of our Earth system.
Understand what our atmosphere is and how it formed. Know that atmospheric composition
changes over time, but is currently about 78% N and 21% O.
Know that the geosphere is the largest com
What is Geology fundamentally concerned with?
- Materials from which the earth is made
- Processes that shape and alter the earth
- Determining what the Earth was like in the past
How does Geology have a bearing on human life?
- Mineral and energy res
Midterm 1 Study Guide
When boundaries are transformed, what does the lithosphere do?
Slides past; not created or destroyed
What spectacle is a result of charged magnetic field particles passing the Van Allen belt?
What did William Henry and William Lawrence Bragg do?
They were a father and son team that won the Nobel Prize
The revealed the structure of minerals using X-rays
What do we use to study minerals?
Midterm 3 Study Guide
Finding the epicenter
p-waves arrive first, then s-waves.
Data from three or more stations pinpoints the epicenter.
sediment or rock that hinders water flow
Permanent vs. ephimeral st
Plate Tectonics Notes
Modern idea of plate motion = Ridge-push - elevated MOR pushes lithosphere away
Slab-pull - gravity pulls a subducting plate downward
Convection in asthenosphere adds or subtracts
What do hot spots do?
-Perforate overriding plates