BIOL 1040 Unit 1 Week 1 Mitosis Explored
Mitosis and the Cell Cycle
1) Saccharomyces cerevisiae is the first model organism in the exercise. It is
referred to as budding yeast. Why is it referred to by this description and how
does this yeast
Chapter 8(183-208) Variation In Chromosome Structure & Number
genetic variation: genetic differences among members of the same species
allelic variation: differences through genes (Ch 2-7 focus)
will focus on larger types of genetic change affect structu
a structure in the interphase nuclei of somatic cells of female mammals that is a highly condensed X chromosome
small colony yeast phenotype resulting from defects in mitochondrial function
a species in which the two sex chro
Chapter 9(215-235): Molecular Structure of DNA and RNA
Molecular Genetics: the study of DNA structure and function at the molecular level
relationship between structure and function find relationship between expression
DNA(deoxyribonucleic acid) & RNA (r
How many origins of replication are there in bacteria?
D. More than two
Where is the bacterial chromosome located?
D. Nuclear envelope
What is a mechanism of condensation shared by
Chapter 13: (315-338)Translation of mRNA
mRNA codons translation AA polypeptide protein
focus on translation; specifically molecular interactions regarding this process
will consider exp that revealed that some genes encode proteins that function as enzym
Chapter 7: Genetic Transfer and Mapping in Bacteria and Bacteriophages
eukaryotic species are easy to study because of the discernible traits among individuals and
the easily analyzed sexual reproduction; aka the ability to follow allelic differences in a
BIOL 1040 Unit 1 Week 2 Meiosis Explored
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The theory of pangenesis was first proposed by
E. None of these
Which of the following is correct regarding the blending hypothesis of inheritance?
A. It suggested that hereditary traits
BIOL 1040 Unit 2 Week 3 Mendelian Pigs
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Which of the following is true regarding bacterial genetics?
Bacteria are usually diploid organisms
Bacteria primarily reproduce sexually
The patterns of inheritance in bacteria are studied using different mechanisms than eukaryo
Recombination between sister chromatids produces new combinations of alleles that may be beneficial to
The Holliday model is used to explain which of the following?
A. Recombination between homologous chromosome
Which of the following would also work as an enhancer for the following bi-directional enhancer?
5' GTTC 3' 3' CAAG 5'
A. 5' GAAC 3' 3' CTTG 5'
B. 5' CTTG 3' 3' GAAC 5'
C. 5' CAAG 3' 3' GTTC 5'
5' CTTC 3' 3' GAAG 5'
Which of the fol
Frederick Griffith is responsible for discovering what process?
The fact that the type R and S strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae that Griffith worked with possessed
The term that best describes how the components of a genome interact to produce an organism's traits is:
involves an examination of how the proteins encoded by gen
Small circular pieces of bacterial DNA that are used as vectors in cloning experiments are called
A plasmid that contains separate origins of replication for two different species is ca
What is true concerning a quantitative trait?
A. Individuals fall into distinct classes for comparison
B. The phenotypic variation for the trait is continuous
C. The phenotypic variation for the trait falls into two to three classes
Where does the process of transcription initiate?
C. Regulation sequences
D. Transcription factors
RNA is complementary to
A. Regulatory sequences
B. Termination sequences
C. The coding strand of DNA
D. The te
Chapter 2Mendels Breakthrough: Patterns, Particles, and Principles of Heredity
Fill in the Blank
1. A _ is a sequence of nucleotides that are basic units of
2. _ is the science of heredity and it seeks a pre
The first hormone to be made by recombinant bacteria was
Which of the following organisms is used by molecular biologists to produce transgenic plants?
A. E. coli
B. Plasmid pSC1
Who originally identified a highly condensed structure in the interphase of nuclei?
D. None of the answers are correct
What gene(s) is/are encoded in the Xic?
Both the Tsix and Xist gen
Which type of chromosome has the shortest p arm of the chromosome?
A loss of an internal piece of a chromosome is called a
Chapter 17(417-440): Genetics of Viruses
Virus: a small infectious particle that contains nucleic acid as its genetic material, surrounded by a capsid of proteins.
Some viruses also have an envelope consisting of a membrane embedded w/ spike proteins
Chapter 19(473-492) Recombination and Transposition at the molecular level
Homologous Recombination: the exchange of DNA segments between homologous chromosomes
- process where DNA segments that are similar or identical to each other break and rejoi
allele- an alternative form of a specific gene
anthers- the structure in flowering plants that gives rise to pollen grains
binomial expansion equation- an equation used to solve genetic problems
involving two types of unordered events
Barr body- a structure in the interphase nuclei of somatic cells of
female mammals that is a highly condensed X chromosome
Chloroplast DNA (cpDNA)- the genetic material found within a
Clone- the general meaning of this term is to make many co
CHAPTER 12 TEST
1 out of 1 points
During splicing, which molecular component of the spliceosome
catalyzes the excision reaction?
1 out of 1 points
Which of the following is least related to the other items?
In prokaryotic cells
genetic information is contained within a nucleoid region.
genetic material is organized as a single circular chromosome.
membrane bound organelles are found in the cytoplasm.
a cell wall surrounds the plasma membrane
Chapter 15(368-386): Gene Regulation in
Eukaryotes I: Transcriptional Regulation
Gene regulation: the phenomenon that the level of
gene expression can be controlled so that genes
can be expressed at high or low levels during
EUK cells c