350 BC
THE ATHENIAN CONSTITUTION
by Aristotle
translated by Sir Frederic G. Kenyon
Part 1
.[They were tried] by a court empanelled from among the noble
families, and sworn upon the sacrifices. The part of accuser
was taken
by Myron. They were found guilty
Statesman
Plato
Statesman
Table of Contents
Statesman.1
Plato.1
INTRODUCTION AND ANALYSIS.1
STATESMAN.20
i
Statesman
Plato
translated by Benjamin Jowett
INTRODUCTION AND ANALYSIS.
STATESMAN
INTRODUCTION AND ANALYSIS.
In the Phaedrus, the Republic, the P
Book 2
Euclid
Definitions
Definition 1.
Any rectangular parallelogram is said to be contained by the two straight lines
containing the right angle.
Definition 2
And in any parallelogrammic area let any one whatever of the parallelograms
about its diameter
On the Articulations
By Hippocrates
Translated by Francis Adams
-PART 1
I am acquainted with one form in which the shoulder-joint is dislocated,
namely, that into the armpit; I have never seen it take place upward
nor outward; and yet I do not positively
Book 1
Euclid
Definitions
Definition 1.
A point is that which has no part.
Definition 2.
A line is breadthless length.
Definition 3.
The ends of a line are points.
Definition 4.
A straight line is a line which lies evenly with the points on itself.
Defini
Book 3
Euclid
Definitions
Definition 1.
Equal circles are those whose diameters are equal, or whose radii are equal.
Definition 2.
A straight line is said to touch a circle which, meeting the circle and being
produced, does not cut the circle.
Definition
On Injuries of the Head
By Hippocrates
Translated by Francis Adams
-PART 1
Men'S heads are by no means all like to one another, nor are the
sutures of the head of all men constructed in the same form. Thus,
whoever has a prominence in the anterior part of
Area of a parabola
To explain Archimedes' method today, it is convenient to make use of a little bit of
Cartesian geometry, although this of course was unavailable at the time. His idea is to use
the law of the lever to determine the areas of figures from
The Law
By Hippocrates
Translated by Francis Adams
-PART 1
Medicine is of all the Arts the most noble; but, not withstanding,
owing to the ignorance of those who practice it, and of those who,
inconsiderately, form a judgment of them, it is at present far
Book 6
Euclid
Definitions
Definition 1.
Similar rectilinear figures are such as have their angles severally equal and the
sides about the equal angles proportional.
Definition 2.
Two figures are reciprocally related when the sides about corresponding angl
Book 4
Euclid
Definitions
Definition 1.
A rectilinear figure is said to be inscribed in a rectilinear figure when the
respective angles of the inscribed figure lie on the respective sides of that in
which it is inscribed.
Definition 2.
Similarly a figure
Book 5
Euclid
Definitions
Definition 1
A magnitude is a part of a magnitude, the less of the greater, when it measures the
greater.
Definition 2
The greater is a multiple of the less when it is measured by the less.
Definition 3
A ratio is a sort of relat
Book 7
Euclid
Definitions
Definition 1
A unit is that by virtue of which each of the things that exist is called one.
Definition 2
A number is a multitude composed of units.
Definition 3
A number is a part of a number, the less of the greater, when it mea
Book 9
Euclid
Propositions
Proposition 1.
If two similar plane numbers multiplied by one another make some number, then
the product is square.
Proposition 2.
If two numbers multiplied by one another make a square number, then they are
similar plane number
Book 12
Euclid
Propositions
Proposition 1.
Similar polygons inscribed in circles are to one another as the squares on their
diameters.
Proposition 2.
Circles are to one another as the squares on their diameters.
Lemma for XII.2.
Proposition 3.
Any pyramid
Book 8
Euclid
Propositions
Proposition 1.
If there are as many numbers as we please in continued proportion, and the
extremes of them are relatively prime, then the numbers are the least of those
which have the same ratio with them.
Proposition 2.
To find
Book 11
Euclid
Definitions
Definition 1.
A solid is that which has length, breadth, and depth.
Definition 2.
A face of a solid is a surface.
Definition 3.
A straight line is at right angles to a plane when it makes right angles with all the
straight lines
Book 13
Euclid
Propositions
Proposition 1.
If a straight line is cut in extreme and mean ratio, then the square on the greater
segment added to the half of the whole is five times the square on the half.
Proposition 2.
If the square on a straight line is
The Book of Prognostics
By Hippocrates
Translated by Francis Adams
-PART 1
It appears to me a most excellent thing for the physician to cultivate
Prognosis; for by foreseeing and foretelling, in the presence of the
sick, the present, the past, and the fut
On the Surgery
By Hippocrates
Translated by Francis Adams
-PART 1
It s the business of the physician to know, in the first place, things
similar and things dissimilar; those connected with things most important,
most easily known, and in anywise known; wh
Sophist
Plato
Sophist
Table of Contents
Sophist.1
Plato.1
INTRODUCTION AND ANALYSIS.1
SOPHIST.29
i
Sophist
Plato
Translated by Benjamin Jowett
INTRODUCTION AND ANALYSIS.
SOPHIST
INTRODUCTION AND ANALYSIS.
The dramatic power of the dialogues of Plato app
Theaetetus
Plato
Theaetetus
Table of Contents
Theaetetus.1
Plato.1
INTRODUCTION AND ANALYSIS.1
ON THE NATURE AND LIMITS Of PSYCHOLOGY. .34
.
THEAETETUS.42
i
Theaetetus
Plato
Translated by Benjamin Jowett
INTRODUCTION AND ANALYSIS.
ON THE NATURE AND LIMI
THE SEVENTH LETTER
by Plato
translated by J. Harward
PLATO TO THE RELATIVES AND FRIENDS OF DION. WELFARE.
You write to me that I must consider your views the same as those of
Dion, and you urge me to aid your cause so far as I can in word and
deed. My ans
Timaeus
Plato
Timaeus
Table of Contents
Timaeus.1
Plato.1
INTRODUCTION AND ANALYSIS.1
TIMAEUS.48
i
Timaeus
Plato
translated by B. Jowett
INTRODUCTION AND ANALYSIS.
TIMAEUS.
INTRODUCTION AND ANALYSIS.
Of all the writings of Plato the Timaeus is the most
Galen: On Diagnosis in Dreams
The vision-in-sleep [enhypnion], in my opinion, indicates a disposition of the body.
Someone dreaming a conflagration is troubled by yellow bile, but if he dreams of smoke,
or mist, or deep darkness, by black bile. Rainstorm
Galen: Exhortation to the Study of the Arts especially Medicine: To
Menodotus
I. Quest of Riches
Do animals ordinarily called irrational possess no species of reason whatsoever? This has
never been decided. Failure of the ability to express thought in spe
Instruments of Reduction
By Hippocrates
Translated by Francis Adams
-PART 1
With regard to the construction of bones, the bones and joints of
the fingers are simple, the bones of the hand and foot are numerous,
and articulated in various ways; the uppermo
Aphorisms
By Hippocrates
Translated by Francis Adams
-SECTION I
1. Life is short, and Art long; the crisis fleeting; experience perilous,
and decision difficult. The physician must not only be prepared to
do what is right himself, but also to make the pat
On Airs, Waters, and Places
By Hippocrates
Translated by Francis Adams
-PART 1
Whoever wishes to investigate medicine properly, should proceed thus:
in the first place to consider the seasons of the year, and what effects
each of them produces for they ar
On the Natural Faculties
Galen
170 AD
BOOK ONE
1.
Since feeling and voluntary motion are peculiar to animals, whilst growth and nutrition
are common to plants as well, we may look on the former as effects of the soul and the
latter as effects of the natur
Level 1 Philosophy essay
How successful are Descartes arguments for the real distinction of
mind from body? Upon which would you put the most weight?
Using the arguments from doubt, from clear and distinct perceptions, and from
simplicity, Descartes attem