Grand Liban (Lebanon)
The French created Greater Lebanon (Grand Liban) in 1920
and wanted Lebanon as a base for Middle East policy
The Sunnis in Lebanon were nationalists and wanted to become
part of Syria while Shiites were located in the south and were
COLONIALISM IN NORTH AFRICA
The control or governing influence of a nation over a dependent
country, territory, or people
The system or policy by which a nation maintains or advocates such
control or influence.
From 18th century on
BRITISH INVADE IRAQ: 1914
Army from British India occupied port city of Basra in late 1914 and
began to advance toward Baghdad.
Ottomans counterattacked in 1915 and drove British back to the
village of Kut (pronounced Koot, in eastern Iraq on the Tigris,
COLONIZERS AND THE STATE
In most cases, nation-states were created arbitrarily to
serve interests of colonizers:
British interests in Persian Gulf oil led to creation of Kuwait
France carved Lebanon out of Syria to create friendly Arab
Be able to define the following terms/concepts:
Globalization (Know at least one e
1962- PRESENT (4TH PERIOD)
Era of continuing nationalism/consolidation of political Islamic
Secular nationalists espoused pan-Arabism.
Nationalism began to give way to religiously resurgent movements
(i.e. Islamic Revolution launched by Ayatoll
The Balfour Declaration 1917
Finally, Britain made yet another advance booking.
In an effort to appeal to US, Russian, and Germany Jewry and also to
secure control over the territory adjacent to the Suez Canal, Britain
agreed to favor the establishment of
SYRIA AND THE MILITARY
In 1920, the first year of the mandate, a military academy was
Syrian Legion formed in mid-1930s- consisted of conscripts
from among Syrias minorities.
Sunni urban notable families viewed military with disdain and
WHAT LED TO THE CREATION OF THE ARAB NATION-STATES?
INITIAL PERIOD: 1699-1798
Century of Muslim decline and of reform.
3 MAIN Muslim Empires:
All began to suffer economic and political setbacks.
SECOND PHASE: 1798-1922
OTTOMAN LAST-DITCH EFFORT
One reason for failure of call to Jihad was that the Ottoman sultancaliph was allied with the Christian powers of Germany and
Another reason is that Muslims did not comprise heterogeneous
community w/ shared poli
By: Evan Shipley-Friedt
I put more information in th
notes of the slides that can
be seen by using the Slid
outline rather than watchin
Pyramid of Giza
Is/was it a/an/the
Was it built over
Was it built by