1. Which of the following is/are the example(s) of denaturatization?
A. water freezing
B. egg white forming a solid when heated
C. table salt dissolves in water
D. butter changing from solid to a liquid
E. B and D
2. Which of the following is in a differe
Chapter 5 Microbial Metabolism
What is Metabolism?
Collection of controlled biochemical reactions that
take place within cells of an organism.
Ultimate function of metabolism is to provide
structures necessary to reproduce the microorganism.
BIO2010 Chapter 5 Study Guide
Glycolysis is _.
the lysis of glucose in chloroplasts
the synthesis of pyruvate in mitochondria
the breakdown of glucose to form two molecules of pyruvate
the synthesis of glucose from two molecules of pyruvate
1. In the chemiosmotic mechanism,
A. the flow of H+ through ATP synthase from the thylakoid lumen to the
stoma drives the phosphorylation of ADP
B. the flow of H+ through ATP synthase from the mitochondrial matrix to
the intermembrane space drives the pho
1. Which observation would be the best evidence that active transport was
responsible for moving a particular substance into a cell?
A. a correlation between the amount of the substance taken in and ATP
B. an inverse relationship between the am
1. All of the following are part of a prokaryotic cell EXCEPT
E. B and C
2. A crab in the ocean has the same salt concentration in its body as the
surrounding seawater. Thus, the ocean is hypotonic to the crab.
1. Structure E primarily functions to
A. synthesize proteins
B. store proteins
C. modify and package proteins
D. synthesize lipids
E. create vacuoles
11. An ionic bond forms between the charged ends of two water molecules.
2. _ orbital ha
1. Cytochalasins interrupt microfilament polymerization by binding to the
growing end of microfilaments. These drugs would most likely affect directly
which of the following processes?
A. muscle contraction
B. cell crawling movements
C. organelle movement
1. Blood pH is influenced by respiration; experimental hyperventilation in a
physiology laboratory will result in the student's blood pH being
D raised to pH6
E. A and D
2. Unsaturated fats
A. are usually solid at room t
1. In lactic acid fermentation, pyruvate serves as an
A. electron donor for the reduction of NAD+
B. electron donor for the oxidation of NADH
C. electron acceptor for the oxidation of NADH
D. electron acceptor for the reduction of NAD+
2. Vitamins can be
1. If researcher wishes to determine the amount of -pleated sheet in Protein
X, she would need to examine the protein
A. primary structure
B. secondary structure
C. tertiary structure
D. quaternary structure
E. all of the above
2. The endosymbiotic theory
1. Hydrophobic interactions are exhibited by both polar and nonpolar molecules.
2. The cell takes in dissolved materials by forming vesicles around solutes
trapped by invagination of the plasma membrane. This process is
Law of conservation of mass
balance became an
important instrument in the
which is the quantity of
matter in a material.
You should note the distinction
between the terms mass and