Initiative v Guilt
During early childhood, children must discover who they are
They often identify strongly with their parents
Children use their perceptual, motor, cognitive, and language skills to make things
They discover that conscience must go
Three central characteristics:
Trust: Erikson believed the 1st year is characterized by trust v mistrust
Not completely resolved in the first year of life
Arises again at each successive stage of development
Development of a sense
Androgynous presences of positive masculine and feminine traits in the same person
Adolescence is a time of storm and stress
Puberty occurs in females before males.
Females 10.5 11 yrs.
Males 12.5 t 13
Menarche first age occurrence of menstruation
Child Development Chapter 3:
Genes guide development, but they function in a particular environment.
Prenatal period: period of development prior to birth (from conception to birth approx. 38
Development involves differentiation: the process by whi