Ch 33: Muscles and Movement
Which is most responsible for the growth of skeletal muscle in response to exercise?
Production of new muscle fibers by mitotic division of existing fibers
Growth of existing (mature) muscle fibers
Differentiation of muscle s
Control by the Endocrine
and Nervous Systems
Learning Objectives for Chapter 35 (Endocrine Signaling)
You should be able to:
Define what hormones, endocrine cells and glands are; recognize how receptor
specificity can modify the responses of target ce
Neurons, Sense Organs and
Chapter 34 Neurons, Sense Organs, and Nervous Systems
34.1 Nervous Systems Are Composed of Neurons
and Glial Cells
34.2 Neurons Generate Electric Signals by
Controlling Ion Distributions
Narrow leaves with parallel veins
Broad leaves with net-like veins
Flower parts in multiples of 3s
Flower parts in fours or fives
Primary vascular bundles scattered
Primary vascular bundles arranged in a r
Grader use only:
points earned) NAME:
General Biology 2
Section 2 (Freshmen)
Spring 20 l 6
Test Form B
Please ﬁll out the left-hand side of the bubble form in
pencil BEFORE you begin the exam. Fa
General Biology 2: Final Exam
Sunday, May 8th: 2-5 pm
15: Processes of Evolution
15-16: Reconstructing and Using Phylogenies
19: Bacteria, Archaea, and Viruses
20: Origin/Diversification of Eukaryotes
22: Evolution/Diversity of Fungi
1. Which of the following statements about starch is false?
a. Starch may be partially branched.
b. Starch is a polymer of glucose.
c. Starch is formed by the condensation of monomers
d. The properties of starch are very similar to those of cellulose.
1. Why would you expect phosphorous to be a reactive element?
a. It has more neutrons than protons in its nucleus.
b. The number of electrons it contains exceeds the number of protons.
c. There are radioactive isotopes of phosphorous.
d. The outermost she
37. Which statement about elements is false?
a. elements have no net charge.
b. elements are composed of the same kind of atoms.
c. elements with outer orbitals lled with electrons are reactive.
d. isotopes of an element have differing numbers of neutrons
4. Pure water has a pH of . When pure water is allowed to stand in air, it will
gradually become more because of from the air that dissolves in it.
a. 0; acidic; C02
b. 7; basic; N2
c. 7; acidic; CO;
d. 0; basic; C02
e. 7; acidic; N2
Chapter 3. Macromol
Chapter 2. The Chemisgy of Life
47. Given that the atomic number of phosphorous is 15 and the atomic mass is 31, a
phosphorous atom has [write a number] electrons and [write a
number] of neutrons, on average. Answer: 15; 16.
Chapter 3. Macromolecules
29. Which of the atom (or atoms) listed below has (have) a valency of two?
a. oxygen and sulfur
b. oxygen and nitrogen
c. sulfur and nitrogen
30. A salt
a. is usually insoluble in water.
b. dissolves in water, but the atoms remain
Chapter 36: Sensory Systems
o What are some examples of animal movement?
o What are effectors?
o How do vertebrate animals move?
What is muscle?
What kinds of muscle cells are there?
How does it c
Chapter 38: Circulatory Systems
o Why do animals need a circulatory system?
o What makes up a circulatory system?
o Types of circulatory systems
Open circulatory systems
Closed circulatory systems
Chapter 34: Neurons and Nervous Systems
Neurons and Nervous Systems: Key Concepts
o Nervous Systems Consist of Neurons and Glia
o Neurons Generate and Transmit Electrical Signals
o Neurons Communicate with Other Cells at Synapses
o The Vertebrate Nervous
Chapter 39: Nutrition, Digestion, and Absorption
Nutrition, digestion, and absorption
o What do animals require from food?
o What types of feeding have animals evolved?
o How does digestion help animals get the nutrients they need?
o The Human Digestive S
Chapter 37: Gas Exchange in Animals
Gas exchange in animals
o What are some important organ systems in animals?
o What does the respiratory system do?
o Respiration is a form of gas exchange
o How do animals maximize the efficiency of gas exchange?
Salt and Water Balance and Nitrogen Excretion
Salt and Water Balance and Nitrogen Excretion
o Why is salt and water balance important?
o Why must nitrogen be excreted?
o What are the functions of the excretory system?
o How does the human excretory system
Chapter 35: Sensory Systems
Sensory Systems: Key Concepts
o Sensory Systems Convert Stimuli Into Action Potentials
o Chemoreceptors Detect Specific Molecules or Ions
o Mechanoreceptors Detect Mechanical Forces
o Photoreceptors Detect Light
CHAPTER 27 REPRODUCTION OF FLOWERING PLANTS
Four major organs that make up a flower:
Stamen male part of flower, may have multiple
Carpel female part of flower
Petal modified leaves to help support flower structure
Sepal modified leaves to help support fl
ADDENDUM TO POL
ADAPTATIONS OF PHOTOSYNTHETIC PATHWAYS TO THE ENVIRONMENT
The authors decision to cram their discussion of photosynthesis into just a few pages of an
already over stuffed chapter was, in my opinion, unwise. Completely missing from the text